LayoutWizzard

This is the technical documentation for the Goobi plugin LayoutWizzard for automated cropping of book page scans.

1. Introduction

The LayoutWizzard is a tool for the analysis of digitized book pages and similar materials, which recognizes the position of the physical page in the digitized image and can align and crop the image accordingly.

Details

Plugin version

1.0.0

Identifier

intranda_step_crop

Source code

- nicht öffentlich verfügbar -

Compatibility

Goobi workflow 3.0

Documentation date

10.11.2019

2. Mode of operation

The analysis in LayoutWizzard is semi-automatic. It usually starts with an automatic step in which all images are analyzed according to fixed algorithms. The results are then checked in a manual step and corrected if necessary. Finally, in a further automatic step, cropped derivatives of the source images are generated, usually within the derivatives folder in the corresponding Goobi process.

How the LayoutWizzard works within Goobi workflow

The automatic work steps (Automatic Image Analysis and Automatic Cropping) are generally outsourced in a TaskManager plug-in so that other work within Goobi is not restricted by a high computing load on the Goobi server. However, it is also possible to run them without the TaskManager plug-in, so that these automatic steps within Goobi Step plug-ins without their own user interface are carried out directly within Goobi workflow.

Manual control of the analysis results with the suggested cropping is carried out within a standalone Goobi Step plug-in with a user interface so that its operation is fully integrated into Goobi workflow.

Depending on the individual installation of Goobi workflow and the respective workflows, the individual work steps can of course be named individually. In the following screenshot, for example, the three successive work steps have been given different names:

Individual naming of the individual work steps that belong to the LayoutWizzard

3. Details on image analysis

LayoutWizzard's image analysis works in several phases in order to arrive at the desired image derivative starting from the original image. For this purpose, each image goes through an image analysis in which the pages are aligned, the object is recognized and the book fold is determined. Accordingly, the image analysis usually consists of the following phases:

Analysis phases of the LayoutWizzard

Sample

Phase

Start

The original image (master scan) is often slightly distorted and often contains a visible area of the opposite page of the book.

1. Phase: Deskew Page

In the first phase, the alignment of the page and its rotation relative to a horizontal reading direction is detected. This rotation is deducted during saving, so that the page is ideally aligned horizontally. This phase is often referred to as deskewing.

2. Phase: Crop Page

In the second phase, the recognition of the detected object takes place, usually e.g. the book. A rectangular cropping frame is calculated around the detected object, which contains the object completely with as little additional margin as possible. In order for this frame to fit as exactly as possible on a rectangular object such as a book, the page orientation (phase 1) should be applied beforehand. This phase is often referred to as trimming, because it removes the mostly dark edges of the image.

3. Phase: Detect Book Spine

In the third phase the book fold is determined. This is only necessary if the book fold is actually part of the image and should be cut along the fold to hide the part of the opposite page. This analysis phase is highly dependent on the determined orientation of the page, that is, whether it is a right or left page in the book or a double page. In the latter case, the image is divided into two single images when saved, one each to the right and left of the determined fold.

End

The LayoutWizzard's suggestion is handed over to the user for review after all analysis phases have been completed, where it is adapted if necessary.